First generation (19951999)
Georgetown, Kentucky, United States (19942000)
Altona, Victoria, Australia (200005)
3.0 L 1MZ-FE V6
4-speed automatic (A541E)
107.1 in (2720 mm)
199597: 190.2 in (4831 mm)
199899: 191.9 in (4874 mm)
199597: 70.3 in (1786 mm)
199899: 70.5 in (1791 mm)
199597: 55.9 in (1420 mm)
199899: 56.7 in (1440 mm)
18.5 US gallons (70.0 L; 15.4 imp gal)
The 1995 Avalon was a completely new model, built in the same plant as the Camry. The Avalon was based on a stretched Camry platform featuring a 3.0-litre 1MZ-FE V6 engine making 192 hp (140 kW) and 210 lbft (285 Nm) of torque.
19981999 Toyota Avalon XLS
The Avalon was available with a front bench seat for full six-passenger seating, and its column shifter was the first such feature in an American Toyota car since the 1982 Corona. Traction control was optional. For 1997 models ABS became standard, power rating increased to 200 hp (150 kW), and torque increased to 214 lbft (290 Nm). In 1998 a mid-cycle refresh was made with minor updates to the front and rear fascias. Also for 1998, the Avalon's structure was modified to improve safety while front seat-mounted side airbags became standard.
Updated Australian 20042005 Toyota Avalon GXi
In 1999, Toyota sold the old tooling for the Avalon to Toyota Australia, which launched this Avalon as an "all-new" model in June 2000.
Many buyers preferred the V6-powered Camry instead of the Avalon, and the 2004 facelift failed to rectify the lower than expected sales, with many criticizing the new front styling. Because of these sales concerns, Toyota Australia marketed it towards taxi fleets, against the Ford Falcon, with a specially developed dual-fuel (LPG and petrol)-compatible engine. Avalon production ceased in mid-2005. In November 2006, Toyota introduced its replacement, the Toyota Aurion.
Second generation (200004)
Toyota Pronard (2002-2004)
Georgetown, Kentucky, United States
3.0 L 1MZ-FE V6 (VVT-i)
4-speed automatic (A541E)
107.1 in (2720 mm)
191.9 in (4874 mm)
71.7 in (1821 mm)
200002: 57.7 in (1466 mm)
200304: 57.1 in (1450 mm)
18.5 US gallons (70.0 L; 15.4 imp gal)
The second-generation Avalon grew larger in almost every respect. It was still based on the stretched Camry platform and was powered by a 3.0 litre 1MZ-FE V6 engine equipped with VVT-i, shared with the Toyota Sienna, Lexus RX300, Lexus ES, and the Toyota Highlander, making 210 hp (157 kW) and 220 lbft (298 Nm). of torque and paired to a 4-speed automatic. The styling remained conservative to appeal to older buyers and the coefficient of drag had been reduced to 0.28 Cd.
200304 Toyota Avalon XLS.
This Avalon was available in two trims: the basic XL and the upscale XLS. Standard features include electroluminescent Optitron gauges, 4-wheel disc ABS, front torso side airbags and 15" alloy wheels. Optional features include a JBL audio system, Vehicle Stability Control, and a front row bench seat, allowing up to six passengers distinguishable characteristic of large sized cars. However the front center seat is a tight fit for an adult passenger. Dual climate control, stability control, larger 16" wheels, and driver's and passenger's power seats were also available.
This second-generation Avalon also featured a built-in 115V AC power inverter, the first car with such a feature. This feature was dropped in the third-generation Avalon; yet, the Toyota Matrix and Scion models now offer this feature.
The Avalon received a mid-cycle facelift for the 2003 model year, with a new grille and modified headlights and taillights. The minor interior changes included a woodgrain-style trimmed steering wheel for the XLS, slightly modified gauges, and a chrome emblem steering wheel added onto the XL (once only standard for the XLS).
This second-generation Avalon was exported to the Japanese market, where it was sold as the Toyota Pronard. Due to poor sales, Toyota did not export the third-generation Avalon to Japan; thus, the Toyota Pronard has been discontinued.
In the IIHS frontal crash test the Avalon received a "Good" overall score with the "Good" in all six measured categories.
Third generation (2005resent)
Georgetown, Kentucky (TMMK)
3.5 L 2GR-FE V6 (Dual VVT-i)
5-speed automatic (U151E)
6-speed automatic (U660E)
111.1 in (2822 mm)
197.2 in (5009 mm)
72.8 in (1849 mm)
58.5 in (1486 mm)
18.5 US gallons (70.0 L; 15.4 imp gal)
Toyota's third-generation Avalon underwent a complete redesign in 2005, and was unveiled to the public at the 2005 North American International Auto Show, it went on sale the following February. Toyota reportedly cut the Avalon's development time down from 29.5 months to 18 months.
The new Avalon was larger than previous Avalons in every aspect, featuring less conservative more modern Calty styling, with a coefficient of drag figure of 0.29 Cd, the Avalon also became the first Toyota to use a single piece wiper blade design. For safety reasons the redesign dropped the front bench seat option, a feature once common among large American sedans such as Buicks and in order to help increase rear passenger comfort the Avalon featured a flat rear floor.
The Avalon was the first Toyota to use Dual VVT-i in the US market in an all-new 3.5-liter 2GR-FE V6 engine which met ULEV certification and had a power output of 280 hp (209 kW). The engine was mated to a 5-speed sequential shift automatic. Due to changes in the SAE's testing procedures, power dropped to 268 hp (200 kW) and torque dropped to 248 lbft (336 Nm) for the 2006 model year. The Avalon came in four trims, a standard XL trim, a sporty Touring trim, an XLS trim and a premium Limited trim. The XL model came standard with 16" alloy wheels, while other trims came with larger 17" wheels. Performance oriented tires were fitted to the Touring and Limited trim.
The XL introduces standard features such as dual-climate automatic temperature control and steering wheel-mounted audio and climate controls. The Touring trim offers faux aluminum and black leather interior, a sport-tuned suspension, and a trunk lip-mounted spoiler. The XLS introduces standard cargo nets, six-disc CD changer, a power moonroof, electrochromic auto dimming rear-view and driver's side-view mirrors, four-way passenger power seat and a HomeLink transceiver. The high-end Limited trim offers air-ventilated seats with a power driver's seat cushion length adjuster, Toyota's Smart Key System with keyless push-button start and entry, an acoustic windshield, rain-sensing windshield wipers, an upgraded 12-speaker JBL audio system, "in-glass" LED turn signals on the side mirrors and a wood-trimmed steering wheel and shift gear. A navigation system is optional for every trim other than the XL version. The Avalon features a flat rear floor design and reclining rear seats. Vehicle Stability Control is optional on all trim levels. Other options include a keyless Remote Engine Start, rear window power sunshade and on Limited models a Dynamic Laser Cruise Control system. HID lighting with auto leveling was standard on Touring and Limited grades.
Model year changes
For 2008, the Avalon received a mild mid-cycle refresh. Changes include a six-speed automatic transmission, chrome exterior door handles for the Limited trim, restyled alloy wheels for the Touring and XLS trims, a built-in remote key, upgraded rear brakes, and Bluetooth integration with all JBL Synthesis audio systems. Rear taillights receive subtle tinting, and the front fascia is redesigned with a more striking grille; XL models receive a black grille, Touring models receive a color-keyed grille, and XLS and Limited models receive a chrome grille. All models now have a standard in-dash 6-CD changer.
The 2009 Avalon offers a few changes. Vehicle Stability Control became standard on all trim levels, and the Touring version is no longer offered. XLS and Limited leather seats now offer a Dark Charcoal color, and the Indigo Ink Pearl exterior color has been replaced with Cocoa Bean Metallic.
The 2010 model year offers one minimal update. All passenger windows now receive an automatic up/down function, as opposed to just the driver and front passenger's side.
For the 2011 model year the Avalon has been updated and significantly restyled with a more contemporary look. Making its first appearance at the 2010 Chicago Auto Show sales will begin the following April with only two trimlines: a base Avalon model and a more upscale Limited trim. A backup camera is now standard using either the rear view mirror or navigation screen for a display, and exterior side mirrors now fold. The updated navigation system now features real-time traffic updates. Other new features include redesigned instrument cluster and center console, new wood trim, and a different rear fascia design. Fuel economy has been slightly improved to an EPA-estimated 20/29/23 (city/highway/combined) rating.
The Avalon comes standard with anti-lock brakes, electronic brakeforce distribution, brake assist, dual front airbags, front row side torso airbags, front and rear side curtain airbags, and a driver's knee airbag. For 2009 models Vehicle Stability Control, traction control became standard while active head restraints were added. For 2011 the Avalon comes with a brake override feature.
The Avalon received a "Good" overall score in both the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety frontal offset and side impact tests. In 2009, with the new head restraints the IIHS awarded the Avalon its Top Safety Pick accolade.
NHTSA crash test ratings (2006):
Side Rear Passenger:
The Avalon was subject to the 2009-10 Toyota vehicle recalls.
Car and Driver, which had called previous Avalons "Japanese Buicks," rated it at the top of a group of large premium sedans in 2005. Edmunds.com, Motor Trend and Automobile Magazine also rated it top in their own comparisons. Consumer Reports rated the Avalon at the top of its class in the large and upscale category, scoring ahead of five other sedans in the January 2010 issue.
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^ Clarkson, Mark. "Toyota Avalon: Toyota Flagship". How-to.com.au. http://www.how-to.com.au/articles/toyota-avalon-toyotas-flagship-a293.html?PHPSESSID=a57c692ebdfa4af9b9fbb09913821b70. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
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^ Mewton, Bruce; Pettendy, Marton (2003-10-14). "First drive: Avalon upgrade a techno treat". John Mellor Pty Ltd. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/896D1F090D2C4873CA256DBF000667FE. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
^ "Avalon taxi pioneer increases fleet". Toyota Australia. 2004-06-15. http://www.pressroom.com.au/press_release_detail.asp?clientID=2&prID=1070. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
^ Pettendy, Marton (2005-03-24). "Avalon to retire". John Mellor Pty Ltd. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/6F827CFB7D390C9DCA256FCE00079C93. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
^ "Toyota Launches Aurion V6 Large Car". Web Wombat Pty Ltd. 2006-10-18. http://www.webwombat.com.au/motoring/news_reports/toyota-aurion-1.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
^ "IIHS-HLDI: Toyota Avalon". Iihs.org. 2006-04-10. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/rating.aspx?id=20. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
^ "IIHS-HLDI: Toyota Avalon". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/rating.aspx?id=238. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
^ "IIHS-HLDI: Toyota Avalon". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/rating.aspx?id=672. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
^ "Safercar.gov". Safercar.gov. http://www.safercar.gov/portal/search?model=3581. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
^ Bedard, Patrick; Russel, Jeffrey. "2005 Buick Lacrosse CXS v 2005 Chrysler 300 Touring v 2005 Ford Five Hundred Limited v 2005 Kia Amanti v 2005 Nissan Maxima 3.5SE v 2005 Toyota Avalon Touring Sedan - Comparison Tests". Hachette Filipacchi Media U.S., Inc. http://www.caranddriver.com/comparisons/9639/buick-lacrosse-cxs-vs-chrysler-300-touring-vs-ford-five-hundred-limited-vs-kia-amanti-vs-nissan-maxima-35se-vs-toyota-avalon-touring-sedan.html. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
^ "2005 Full-Size Sedan Comparison Test". Edmunds.com. 2005-03-28. http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/Drives/Comparos/articleId=105147. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
^ "Fullsize Sedan Comparison Ratings & Winner". Motor Trend. 2007-02-26. http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/sedans/112_0603_fullsize_sedan_comparison/ratings_winner.html. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
^ "2005 Chrysler 300, Ford Five Hundred, and Toyota Avalon Compared Opinions - Automobile Magazine". Automobilemag.com. http://www.automobilemag.com/reviews/0507_avalon_comparo/opinions.html. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
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